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Types of visas in Canada

Are you considering traveling to Canada? If so, you need to meet specific requirements and obtain a special visa. Keep reading to learn about the various Canada visa types, the information you need to know before applying and find a solution tailored to your needs.

What is a Canada visa?

A Canada visa is an official document issued by the Canadian government that is required for a foreign national to enter, remain in or transit through Canada.

Depending on the purpose of your stay, there are various types of visas in Canada available. These may include study permits, work permits, temporary residence permits, visitor visas and more.

Who is eligible to apply?

So, who can apply for a visa in Canada? The list includes:

  • Citizens of another country with a valid passport;

  • Refugees or persons in need of protection;

  • Business people and investors;

  • Students;

  • Temporary foreign workers;

  • Visitors.

What are the types of visas in Canada?

Depending on the objective of your trip or stay in the land of a maple leaf, you should consider applying for the most popular Canada visa types:

  • Tourist visa - this visa is for individuals who are traveling to Canada temporarily for leisure, tourism or to visit family and friends.

  • Business visa - this type is ideal for those who are going to Canada for business-related activities such as attending meetings, conferences, or seminars.

  • Transit visa - are you traveling through Canada while in transit to another country? If so, this type will be perfect for you.

  • Student visa - this type of visa in Canada is for those who plan to go to this country to pursue studies or research activities at a recognized Canadian educational institution.

  • Work visa - want to start a new job in Canada? Then you should apply for a relevant work permit. To learn more about it, check out our work in Canada page.

  • Permanent residence visa - this type is for those who immigrate to Canada with the intention of living there permanently.

  • Family visa - for individuals who are immigrating to Canada to join their family members who are already living there.

What documents do you need?

The documents required for each type of visa in Canada may vary depending on the purpose of your trip. Generally, you'll need to provide the following documents:

  • Valid passport

  • Proof of financial support

  • Proof of legal status in your country of origin

  • Medical exam results

  • Police clearance certificates

  • Educational documents

  • Employment documents

  • Any additional documents required by the Canadian government

How to apply for a selected Canada visa?

As you can see, there are various Canada visa types available. But what should you do once you decide which visa is the right fit for you?

Then it's time for application. Create an account on the official government website and fill out the online application form where you need to provide all the necessary details and documents. Once you submit your application, you'll receive an acknowledgment email and will be able to track the status of your application online.

If you meet all the requirements and select the right types of visas in Canada, you'll receive an approval letter and you'll be able to collect your permit.

Want to check your eligibility? We’ll be happy to help you.

Work permit application in Canada

Applying for a Canadian work permit is a great way to gain access to the local job market and benefit from the wide array of possibilities it offers. If you want to learn what steps you need to take in order to complete the work permit application in Canada, keep reading and get ready to start your adventure!

What is a Canadian work permit and who needs it?

A Canadian work permit is a document issued by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) that allows foreign nationals to work in Canada for a specific amount of time and for a specific employer.

Who needs it? Everyone who isn't a Canadian citizen or permanent resident and wants to work there legally. This includes people who are in Canada on a visitor visa, international students, and others who plan to stay in Canada for longer.

Different types of work permits in Canada

There are various types of Canadian work permits. The most popular ones include:

The Canadian government offers various options and opportunities for foreign workers. However, obtaining some work permits may require demonstrating connection to Canada, securing an LMIA or having a valid employment letter.

So, how to apply for a Canadian work permit? There are a few steps you need to take.

How to apply for a Canadian work permit and what documents will you need?

In order to apply for a Canadian work permit, you’ll need to:

  • prepare your resume - in order to show your qualifications and work experience, update your resume and showcase your skills to show potential employers you're an ideal fit for the job. It's also a good idea to include relevant keywords in your application. Thanks to it, your resume will be applicant tracking system-friendly.

  • look for available jobs and determine what type of a work permit you need - depending on the type of job you’re interested in, you’ll need to look for available jobs in Canada and decide what type of work permit you need to apply for. Then, it's time to gather all the necessary documents.

  • fill out the application - finally, it's time to fill out the work permit application. This can be done either online or on paper.

Documents required to complete work permit application in Canada include:

  • A valid passport or travel document;

  • Two (2) recent passport-style photos (with your name and date of birth written on the back);

  • Proof of financial support (e.g. bank statements, pay stubs, etc.);

  • Proof of the purpose of your stay in Canada (e.g. a job offer or contract from a Canadian employer);

  • Documents proving your education and work experience;

  • Police Clearance Certificate;

  • Application fee receipt.

How long does it take to get a Canadian work permit?

Finally, it’s time to answer the following question: how long does it take to get a Canadian work permit?

The processing time for work permits in Canada usually depends on the type of work permit and job you’re applying for, as well as the country or region you’re from. It can take anywhere from a few days to several months.

To get an accurate estimate of the processing time of your work permit application in Canada, you can use the IRCC processing time calculator.

Want to learn more about working in Canada? Check out our website.

how to become a Canadian permanent resident

Are you looking to become a permanent resident in Canada? It's a big step, but with the right guidance and planning, you can make it happen. In this article, we'll cover the basics of how to become a Canadian permanent resident and the various pathways to PR available. We'll also discuss the steps needed to apply for PR, and the processing times associated with each option. Read on for a comprehensive guide to getting permanent residency in Canada.

What are the requirements to become a Canadian PR?

In order to become a Canadian PR, you must meet certain eligibility requirements. These requirements vary depending on the immigration pathway you take and the specific program you're applying for. Generally, you must be of good character, have a valid passport, and have enough funds to support yourself and any dependents.

Moreover, some of the documents required to get started with the process of getting permanent residency in Canada include:

  • proof of your language proficiency such as the IELTS (International English Language Testing System) certificate,

  • proof of funds to support your application,

  • certificates of educational degrees,

  • various documents supporting the applications such as an immigration letter,

  • birth certificate,

  • employment documents like payslips, reference letters or job offers,

  • passport or other travel documents,

  • certificate of clean criminal record.

What are the different programs and visa categories?

There are several programs and visa categories available for those looking to become a Canadian permanent resident. These include the Federal Skilled Worker Program, the Provincial Nominee Program, the Canadian Experience Class, the Federal Skilled Trades Program ( FST), the Quebec Skilled Workers Program ( QSWP), and more.

Each of these programs has its own set of requirements and application process, so it's important to understand them before making a decision.

If you’re wondering how to become a permanent resident of Canada under the above-mentioned categories, you should know that:

  • The Federal Skilled Worker Program is for immigrants who have the skills, education, and work experience to contribute to the Canadian economy.

  • The Provincial Nominee Program allows provinces and territories to nominate people for permanent residence based on their economic needs.

  • The Canadian Experience Class is for people who have at least one year of skilled work experience in Canada.

  • The Federal Skilled Trades Program is for people with experience in a skilled trade.

  • The Quebec Skilled Workers Program is for people who have the skills, education, and work experience to contribute to the economy of the province of Quebec.

Hopefully, this will give you an idea on how to become a permanent resident in Canada and which opportunities are the best for you.

What are the benefits of getting permanent residency in Canada? The takeaway

Getting permanent residency in Canada has many benefits. These include the ability to work and live in Canada indefinitely, access to the Canadian healthcare system, and eligibility for certain social and family security services.

Moreover, as a PR in Canada, you’ll be protected under Canadian law, while your children and entire family will receive social provisions and free education.

Want to learn more about different types of immigration to Canada? Check out our website.

how to become a permanent resident of Canada

Are you considering applying for PR in Canada? This article provides an overview of the process of application for permanent residence in Canada, including information about the different types of applications, eligibility requirements, and the documents needed to complete your application.

Application for permanent residence in Canada - what does it look like?

How to apply for permanent residence in Canada? The process involves several steps such as:

  • Gathering documents - the first step in the application process for permanent residence in Canada is to gather all the necessary documents. These may include the generic application form to Canada, background information about your jobs, studies, vacations or being a homemaker, travel documents, passport, proof of language proficiency, identity or civil status documents as well as children’s information (if applicable). If you want to learn more, see the detailed document checklist.

  • Completing the application - the next step is to complete the application form. This can be done online or on paper. The application form asks for detailed information about the applicant, such as personal details, family history, job history, and education. The application form also includes questions about your intentions for settling in Canada, as well as your criminal record.

  • Paying applicable fees - to complete the application for permanent residence in Canada, you’ll have to pay the necessary fees that can vary depending on the type of application and the number of family members included in the application.

  • Submitting your application - the last step is to submit the completed application form and all supporting documents either online or by mail. Depending on the type of application, the processing time can take up to several months.

How long does the process take and what happens next?

The processing time for an application for permanent residence in Canada depends on the type of application, the number of family members, and the completeness of the application. You can check the average processing time on the official government website by selecting the application type and economic class.

Depending on the type of application, you may need to attend a mandatory interview to verify your identity and background. If approved, you’ll receive a permanent residence card, and you’ll be able to apply for jobs, health insurance, and other services available to permanent residents.

What are the requirements for applying?

How to apply for PR in Canada? In order to do it, you have to meet the following eligibility requirements:

  • being a permanent resident of Canada;

  • being physically present in Canada (you must have been at least 730 days in Canada in the last 5 years);

  • having employment records and bank statements;

  • having Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) Notice of Assessment;

  • having rental agreements or club memberships;

  • having evidence that you have received benefits from the Canadian government.

You can also submit an immigration reference letter written by community members. It’s a great way to streamline the proceeding. Want to learn how to write an immigration letter? Check out our blog.

The takeaway

Application for permanent residence in Canada is a complex process, but it’s possible if you meet the eligibility criteria and have the right documents. If you’re looking for help, learn about different types of immigration to Canada or contact us.

immigration reference letter

If you’re involved in any immigration-related processes, and you want to apply for permanent residency or second citizenship, you certainly know well-written reference letters from community members can have a positive impact on the proceeding and make it easier for government officials to evaluate your application and moral character. How to write an immigration reference letter and what to focus on? Keep reading to discover 8 useful tips!

What is an immigration reference letter?

A reference letter for immigration is a document written by a person who knows the applicant very well and can vouch for their character, skills, and accomplishments.

This type of letter is usually required when applying for permanent residency or second citizenship. The reference letter should be written by a close friend, family member, employer, or another person who can attest to the applicant’s good character.

When writing an immigration reference letter, it’s important to focus on the qualities that would make the applicant a good candidate for citizenship or residency. 

These might relate to aspects such as their work ethic, character, and accomplishments. It’s also important to mention how long you’ve known the applicant and in what capacity. Needless to say, the letter should be positive and free of any grammar or spelling errors.

8 tips for writing an excellent letter of recommendation for immigration

If you’ve been asked to write an immigration reference letter, here are 8 tips to help you come up with a quality document:

  • In the first paragraph, it’s important to introduce yourself and explain your relationship to the applicant. Mention how long you’ve known them and what relationship you have. Such letters can be written by both employers, colleagues, friends, and family members. Be sure to explain your connections to the applicant.

  • When writing the body of the letter, focus on the qualities that would make the applicant a good candidate for citizenship or residency. These might relate to their work ethic, character, or accomplishments. It’s also important to mention how the applicant has contributed to the community.

  • The letter should be positive throughout, highlighting the applicant’s good qualities. Avoid mentioning negative aspects, as this could jeopardize the application.

  • While it’s crucial to include all relevant data, the letter should be concise and to the point. Government officials will likely have many applications to assess, so try to avoid providing superfluous information.

  • Keep the document in a formal tone, using respectful language throughout.

  • Use correct grammar and spelling. Avoid potential errors as they could reflect poorly on the applicant.

  • Remember to provide your contact information, so that the officials can reach out to you when needed and ask additional questions.

  • Don’t forget to sign the immigration letter of reference.

The takeaway

It’s always a good idea to review the requirements for the specific process before writing the immigration letter of reference. This way, you can be sure to include all relevant information.

Need help? Benefit from our professional immigration consulting and prepare a document that will have a positive impact on your proceeding.

citizenship vs residency

You have probably encountered terms like citizenship and residency on multiple occasions. Although they’re frequently used interchangeably, they don’t actually mean the same thing. Want to learn the answer to the question “what is the difference between citizenship and permanent residence”? Keep reading the article!

What is citizenship?

Citizenship is a status that’s granted to people who have met specific requirements set by a country’s government. Once you become a citizen, you have the right to live and work in that country indefinitely. You’re also entitled to certain government benefits, such as social security and access to education.

Citizenship can be obtained in a number of ways. For example, you may be eligible for citizenship by descent if one of your parents is a citizen of the country in question. Alternatively, you may be able to apply by naturalization, which typically requires you to live in the country for a certain, specified number of years.

What is residency?

Residency, on the other hand, is a status that allows you to live in a country for a set period of time. The length of time that you’re allowed to stay in the country may be indefinite, or it may be temporary. For example, some countries offer residency to retirees, while others grant it to people who are employed by local companies.

In order to obtain residency in a country, you typically have to meet certain requirements, such as having a job offer from a local employer, or proving that you have enough money to support yourself. Once you have residency, you’re allowed to live and work in the country for as long as your residency status is valid.

So, what is the difference between citizenship and permanent residency?

Citizenship vs residency – what makes them different?

The main difference between a citizen and resident is that the first one confers a permanent right to live and work in a country, while the latter is typically granted for a specific, limited period of time.

Once you become a citizen of a country, you’re typically allowed to stay there indefinitely, and you’re entitled to certain government benefits.

On the contrary, if you have residency in a country, you may only be allowed to stay there for a certain number of years, and you may not be eligible for government benefits.

How to apply for citizenship vs residency?

The requirements and application process for citizenship and residency can vary depending on the country and its regulations. In order to find out more, you’ll need to research the laws in the place that's of interest to you.

Want to learn more about becoming a permanent resident in the USA? Check out our blog!

The takeaway

Knowing the difference between residence and citizenship is the first step to making an informed decision.

If you want to start a new life in a foreign country, benefit from the professional support of migration consulting specialists that will help you obtain a second citizenship or new residency, depending on your individual circumstances and what’s best for you.

how to become a permanent resident in USA

If you’re applying for a Permanent Residence Card in the US, you are applying for a Green Card. To do so, that is, to qualify for permanent residence, you must first check whether you are eligible under one of the acceptable categories as listed by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services website.


So, how to become a permanent resident in the USA? The ways that you could apply for a Green Card could be:

  • through a relative who is a U.S. citizen,

  • through employment,

  • applying under the status of a special immigrant, refugee, or asylee,

  • and several other routes.

There is also the option of participating in the DV Lottery.

A Permanent Residency card indicates that one is legally and permanently residing in a country and specifically in the U.S., can live and work there. It should also be noted, that having a Green Card brings you one step further to becoming an American citizen.


Is permanent resident a citizen? People often misuse these two terms – though they mean very different things. While it is true that both grant the right to live and work in the U.S., one should know how they differ. For instance, not every citizen is necessarily a permanent resident, and vice versa. Permanent Residency indicates that a person lives in a country, but they may have citizenship of a different country.

In the U.S. there are limitations as to the rights that permanent residences have. For instance, a permanent resident cannot vote. Furthermore, you may lose your permanent residency if prosecuted – while it is very hard, or rather close to impossible, to lose your citizenship.


There are several circumstances under which a person can become a US citizen:

  1. The first, naturally, is by being born in America.

  2. You can also become a U.S. citizen if your parents are or have been American citizens.

  3. If you are not any of the above, however, then you would have to go through a process known as naturalization.

To become qualified for naturalization you must be over 18 years old and possess a US permanent resident card (known as a Green Card) for at least 5 years. This period is substantially shorter if you are married to a U.S. citizen.

Once you’ve hit that 5-year mark, you can apply for citizenship, and based on your record (assuming you did not commit any felonies or have been arrested) and passing the U.S. history and government exam, you may accept citizenship and complete your naturalization process. Of course, you may apply after the five-year mark has passed; in fact, anytime between the 5-year-mark and the 10-year-mark in which your Green Card expires.

Diversity Visa Lottery requirements

Diversity Visa Lottery: Country Of Origin Eligibility

This criterion applies to the country in which you were born. In other words, only natives from specific countries meet this requirement. This is the minimal requirement for qualifying to register for the Diversity Visa Lottery. Usually, the ineligible countries are such that have a “high admission”. If your country of origin is not listed, two other ways may still be eligible:

  • If your spouse is a native of one of the listed countries. Assuming that you are applying together, your spouse could be the main applicant.

  • If both of your parents are natives and were born in one of the eligible countries, despite your country of birth being ineligible.

Education and Work Eligibility

The second Diversity Visa requirement refers to the education or work experience the applicant should have. This requirement is assessed through the submission of relevant documents. Similar to the first criterion, if you do not meet this requirement but your spouse does, they could be the main applicant. It should also be noted that only the principal applicant needs to meet this criterion. To qualify for this, you should have one of the two:

To quality for this, you should have one of the two:

  • A high school education, meaning, the completion of a formal course of studies which is equivalent to 12 years of basic elementary and high school education in the U.S.

  • Two to five years of work experience in an occupation defined by the U.S. Department of Labor as such. These occupations often require a minimum of a two-year training or equivalent experience

One cannot submit a request if they do not meet at least one of these Diversity Visa Lottery requirements. If you do not meet one of these requirements, you will have to consider completing your high school diploma or acquiring a course that is regarded as equivalent to 12 years of basic elementary.

Green Card Photo Requirements

After you have met the previous requirements for Diversity Visa Lottery, you will be asked to submit photos (sometimes of your spouse and children too). The requirements for this photo might be overly complex, and if not done properly, might even cause disqualification. So, here is a list of Green Card photo requirements – make sure you check it twice!

  • The background must be plain and bright – white is the best. No shadows.

  • You must face the camera, with your face and head completely visible, comprising about 50% of the entire photo.

  • Head coverings (hats, scarves and so on) are not permitted if they cover parts of your face.

  • Glasses are not allowed – sunglasses and visual aids.

  • The photo should have a minimum color depth of 24 bits.

  • The photo cannot be in black and white.

  • Digitally editing the photos according to one of these requirements or for any other reason, is prohibited.


America is a huge continent with 50 states and thousands of cities and towns. The best thing about it, is that there’s every possible option that you could possibly dream of. From a cold and icy climate in the north and all the way to the hot and tropical dessert, you can have your pick. Plus, you have the luxury to choose what type of lifestyle you’d like to have according to the area you live in.

For instance, are you looking for that urban big-city experience? Everyone knows America has some of the most impressive and dazzling metropolitan in the world. How about a suburban country life, with the front and backyard, and that small-town American charm? No problem, the US has gorgeously picturesque small cities and suburbs. What about nature? Well, America has plenty of that too. Lakes, rivers, natural reserves, woods, and endless forests – it’s all up to you and what kind of life you’d like to lead.

If you’re undecided, and we admit there are a lot of options, we invite you to consult one of our e-books that cover all these topics and more. From the best locations for family life, through household expenses, an all the way to choosing your ideal hometown in the US.


Once you arrive in the US, you will need to open a bank account. Now, banking is sometimes complicated even when you’re in your own country. So here how’s American Banks work. There are several types of banks you can choose from. There are commercial banks, that provides service to businesses (you can learn more about these in our Business Program-book), there are savings banks, where you can create savings accounts, there are savings and loans banks, and credit unions.

When you open your bank account you will have two types of accounts. One is known as a checking account and the other as a savings account. The checking account is where you’ll receive your paychecks, draw money, make purchases and pay your bills. Also, you will have a checkbook and a bank card for this account. In your savings account, you will deposit long-term funds, that will accumulate interest rates. Of course, these rates vary according to the bank you choose. Make sure that you choose your bank wisely and do your research!


You may have seen it in the movies or TV shows but American culture is very distinct. When you immigrate to the US, you have to be ready and be willing to accept what may seem as a very different culture. For instance, you might have to adjust to the weather, or to the customs, or even to the food. But remember, it’s all part of the experience. While you might choose to live among a community of immigrants from your country, it’s crucial that you are aware to the local culture.

For instance, American holidays are not so much religious as they are focused around family and culture. The biggest and most important and celebrated holidays are Christmas, the 4th of July (Independence Day), Halloween and Thanksgiving. Though the majority of the population in the US identifies as Christians, very few attend churches or practice their beliefs. They are, however, a rather patriotic nation – meaning that they tend to be more politically involved and aware of the political climate around them.

Of course, there are other aspects of American culture that you should be aware of, such as what are considered good manners, the appropriate way to greet new people, education, health system and so much more. But some of those things you’ll have to either read in one of our programs’ e-books or learn along the way – that’s simply part of the magic!


In the US, all children from the ages of 5-8 must attend school. Though some children are home-schooled by their parents or tutors, this must be reported. The first school, which children attend between the ages of 5-12 is known as primary school. Once completing their education at primary school, they move on to secondary school which is divided into two programs: middle school and then high school. Overall, to receive a diploma, children will have to attend school for 12 years in order to graduate.

After this, students usually go to college – which is referred to as higher education. College lasts between 3-4 years, depending on the chosen program. After this, college graduates might choose to continue to an advanced degree at the university. This depends on your grades – which are graded in the US by a system known as GPA. Your GPA determines whether you can enter a more advanced degree, whether you can enter a more prestigious institution. You can read more on this in our designated Student e-book, designed and created for immigrants wanting to study in the US.